Being a woman in a man-dominated country needs courage to live a happy life, but in my country most women have got used to live in a man-dominated country by tolerating all sort of hurdles on daily basis either inside family or outdoor, the hurdles which are impossible for any human being to live a happy life dealing with it.
Unfortunately according to a survey by Thomson Reuters Foundation, my beautiful country – Afghanistan, is the most dangerous place for a women. Though women’s right has seen rapid growth after the fall of Taliban regime in Afghanistan but still it is a man-dominated country and most dangerous place for a woman.
Afghan women seems to have lost hope from their representatives in both Lower House and Upper House of the country because newly a legislation has been passed by both houses which allows men to attack their wives, children and sisters without fear of judicial punishment. Fortunately before President Hamid Karzai’s approval of the new anti-woman law, he orders amendment to the legislation criticized by national and international women right’s activists.
Some reasons behind Afghanistan’s achievement of world’s most dangerous place for women are:
Child marriage: More than 50% of Afghan girls are married or engaged by 10. Almost 60% of girls are married by 16.
Lack of education: Only 40% of Afghan girls attend elementary school, and only one in 20 girls attend school beyond the sixth grade. There are approximately three times more boys attending school than girls. Schools for girls have been burned down, hundreds of teachers educating girls have been threatened or killed, and girls and have been physically harmed while attending or walking to or from school.
Few options for widows: Afghanistan has 1.5 million widows, one of the highest proportions in the world. Many men were killed in the armed conflicts, and older husbands are likely to die sooner than their child brides. The average age of an Afghan widow is 35, and 94% of them are illiterate.
Hidden and isolated difficulties: Islamic extremists insist women and girls stay at home, and can only leave if they are fully covered and accompanied by a male relative.
Few economic opportunities: A culture prohibiting women to appear in public combined with a widespread lack of education mean women enjoy few economic opportunities. In general, women are confined to housework.
Women’s legal standing is limited: According to Sharia law, a female’s testimony is worth ½ that of a man. In custody cases, children will usually be awarded to the father or grandfather. So divorce—even in extreme abuse cases—is less likely to be sought, because a woman must be prepared to lose her children.
But still thanks to the new democratic government after the fall of Taliban regime which has resulted to a rapid growth in women’s rights in different fields as education, political participation, health, and employment.
Education can be the best strategy to liberate women from male domination.
“You educate a man; you educate a man. You educate a woman; you educate a generation.”
After the withdrawal of international troops and organizations from Afghanistan in 2014 women in Afghanistan fear of losing the rights gained in a decade hard work and struggling. I hope the new government continues to support the growth of women’s right.
Let’s pray for an Afghanistan to be the safest place for a woman and let’s start changing the man-dominated Afghanistan from our own community to an Afghanistan where women have equal rights comparing to men.
Happy Women’s Day to the most courageous women of the world (Afghan Women) and to the women all around the world.